Welcome to the 5Gigaverse: Making Pervasive Gigabit-Speed 5G a Reality
5G technology increases the capacity of mobile networks around the world. It’s not just about improving the mobile service experience for mass market consumers; it also finds potential in residential broadband and enterprise use cases.
Consumers are finding innovative use cases to take advantage of 5G’s greater capability, such as virtual and augmented reality. Residential users can take advantage of home broadband service in cases where fiber to the home is not available. And companies are exploring new ways to use 5G to automate and improve their operations; improve worker safety in hazardous environments such as factories, crane bays and mines; and monitor the quality of products or factory equipment with HD video.
By taking a holistic view of these diverse value propositions in different markets, 5G can be seen as effectively enabling ubiquitous gigabit-speed wireless connections. This vision is what Huawei Technologies calls the “5Gigaverse”.
As the name suggests, the 5Gigaverse is made possible by ever-evolving 5G wireless technology. Operators are increasingly deploying “standalone” 5G, which does not require 4G technology and is therefore not constrained by its limitations. Meanwhile, the telecom industry continues to expand 5G capabilities; a new set of technology standards – known as 5.5G to Huawei and 5G-Advanced to industry standards bodies – is expected to be completed in early 2024. The new capabilities of 5G-Advanced should allow operators to offer new services, especially in the corporate space. Huawei is playing an important role in this evolution, promoting its “1+1=N” concept for 1Gbps networks, 10Gbps experiences and 100 billion connections.
Establishing the ubiquitous gigabit-speed connections of the 5Gigaverse requires two things from the network: that it reach wherever users need it and that it provide the capacity to enable new and better experiences.
To increase capacity, mobile networks must use a variety of enhancements. One way to increase capacity is to use multiple bands of spectrum, including legacy low-band frequencies, more recently acquired mid-band spectrum, and high-frequency millimeter wave spectrum.
Telecommunications equipment vendors face the challenge of adding the required capacity without overwhelming cell sites with hardware. To address this challenge, Huawei has introduced new cell site radios that support two and three frequency bands in a single package. These products complement previously introduced equipment that allows mobile operators to add 5G radios to their sites – with large antenna arrays to improve user connection speeds – which are housed in the same enclosure as the radios providing the existing 4G/LTE service. This increased capacity per unit allows operators to improve the user experience while increasing the energy efficiency of their networks.
Huawei also recognizes that gigabit-speed services don’t just mean download speeds. Thus, its cell site equipment includes software features called “Super Uplink” which also increase uplink speeds. This is important to serve a variety of use cases – for example, video surveillance applications that require bandwidth-rich video content to be uploaded over the network in real time.
The 5Gigaverse vision requires not only increasing the capacity of networks, but also the reach of networks. Huawei is contributing to this effort with a multiple offering in its radio portfolio. One such offering is EasyBlink 2.0, the second generation of Huawei’s solution for street-level cellular radios; It is a small, lightweight radio that can be deployed on poles rather than cell towers to fill coverage gaps and increase capacity in high traffic areas. Another offering that extends the reach of 5G networks is Huawei’s Distributed Indoor Massive MIMO technology; this solution which brings advanced antenna technologies crucial to deliver 5G in indoor environments such as sports stadiums.
Carriers are still deploying 5G, and those that have deployed it are optimizing their networks with next-generation versions of 5G networking gear. So there are many more changes to come in mobile networks. Yet the advancements marketed by vendors like Huawei are well-designed to improve the range and capacity of mobile networks and bring the 5Gigaverse to fruition.