Understand the basics of 5G wireless networks


Wireless networks have improved dramatically in recent years, with businesses accepting an increasing number of mobile devices accessing their networks. The telecommunications industry hopes fifth generation wireless technology will represent an even greater leap in network performance, allowing businesses to tap into a wide range of new services and applications.

What is 5G?

Building on the long-term evolution of fourth-generation wireless (LTE) services, 5G wireless is expected to carry greater amounts of data over much faster network speeds with less than millisecond latency. At the peak performance of 4G, cellular networks can carry data at speeds of up to 1 Gbps. With 5G wireless networks, however, performance will increase dramatically as data travels at faster speeds; as fast as 10 Gbps – equivalent to wired speeds.

The reduction in network response times heralds other significant advances. As a result, the 5G architecture has significant potential for new technologies – such as remote online surgery – which encompass machine learning and artificial intelligence, virtual and augmented reality, and internet of things.

Types of 5G wireless services and how they work

As the commercial deployment of 5G wireless networks draws closer, mobile operators prepare to roll out two main types of new 5G services. The first is fixed wireless broadband, which will be available in some major metropolitan areas in 2018. The second is 5G mobile cellular, which is expected to be available in select markets in 2019, with technology for mobile and cellular users becoming widely available. . in 2020. Analysts expect operators to 5G wireless deployment in place by 2025.

Here’s how the two types of 5G wireless services work.

Fixed 5G wireless broadband. These services are designed to provide last mile Internet connectivity to a business or residence using radio signals, rather than a wired connection directly to the premises. To provide fixed wireless broadband, operators are deploying new 5G radios in small cell sites, such as street lights and telephone poles, to transmit signals to wireless modems installed inside buildings and homes. . This replaces the need for fibers, cables or other wired connections directly to a building.

The 3rd generation partnership project (3GPP) in December 2017 completed the standards for the new 5G radio required for fixed broadband wireless.

5G mobile services. Operators also plan to offer 5G mobile cellular services, which will be made possible by the upcoming development of Evolved Package Core LTE-Advanced wireless connectivity. 5G cellular mobile services cannot be deployed until 3GPP completes 5G mobile baseline standards, which is expected later this year, and until 5G-enabled smartphones are commercially available. – expected in early 2019. Analysts expect mobile operators to start rolling out 5G. mobile service towards the end of the first quarter of 2019.

5G wireless in the enterprise

The full promise of 5G wireless technology For businesses, this remains a promise until the development of 5G standards is complete and operators are finished deploying 5G wireless networks. Once 5G radios are installed and 5G-enabled smart devices become available, expect businesses to grow further. 5G service use cases.

Chris Antlitz, senior telecommunications analyst at Technology Business Research Inc. in Hampton, NH, said he expects large Fortune 2000 companies to be among the first to deploy 5G services, starting in 2020. The more widespread adoption of businesses will begin later. in the decade – between 2025 and 2030.

To prepare for the 5G deployment wireless networks, some companies start appointing C suite leaders and other IT managers to examine potential applications that can take advantage of 5G performance and low latency.

Who will benefit from 5G?

The 5G infrastructure market is set to grow significantly, from $ 2.9 billion in 2020 to $ 34 billion by 2026, according to Markets and Markets, fueled by the demand for mobile data services, the growth of industrial automation and the increased use of software in communications networks.

For industries that require low latency and high throughput, such as healthcare, financial services, energy, and other field service organizations, 5G wireless networks are expected to have a significant impact. Businesses with specialized communication requirements and manufacturing processes might benefit first.

Engineers at a 5G development center in Oulu, Finland, where Nokia was once the dominant employer, develop 5G use case. Researchers are working on communication ideas such as 5G radio broadcasting, as well as developing healthcare applications, such as stroke rehabilitation through virtual reality.

Service providers contribute to the development of 5G

According to TBR, more than 85% of funds for 5G development come from communication service providers in four countries: the United States, China, Japan and South Korea. Operators in these countries have made 5G a priority and are initially focusing on fixed wireless broadband and mobile broadband.

In the United States, Verizon and AT&T, which started 5G trials in some cities in 2017, are building 5G networks that use millimeter wave spectrum when rolling out their services in 2018. Sprint and T-Mobile announced their intention to offer 5G mobile services in major metropolitan areas in 2019.

US carriers have regulatory hurdles to overcome in deploying 5G wireless networks. Federal and state regulations on access to rights of way must be established and local permits issued allowing telecommunications companies to install the fiber they need to connect to their small cell sites. Suppliers will also have to purchase spectrum through auctions managed by the Federal Communications Commission.

Through low-latency, high-speed data delivery, 5G wireless networks promise to change the way businesses use advanced technologies to support new services and capabilities. Businesses can expect adoption to accelerate over the coming decade, as service providers begin to roll out 5G services and businesses develop 5G use cases.


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